Pro Quarterback Fundamentals and Mechanics

football practice

When running a football practice, it’s important to make sure that every player knows his role and his responsibilities. During this blog post, we’re going to talk about some of the most basic fundamentals when it comes to the quarterback.

football practiceThrowing the Football

Let’s talk about some of the fundamentals when you’re throwing the football. It’s good when you’re warming up to get a partner about 10 yards apart.

The first drill is to have your quarterback stand square to his partner. His feet should be in a position where they’re under center. The ball should be up in a throwing position. The QB should incorporate his shoulders, hips, and whole body into the throw.

If you have a kid you’re training that has a problem dropping the ball down, put him in a pool. Have him stand where the water is up past his navel, and if he drops the ball down, the ball’s going to pop right out of his hands. It’s necessary to keep the ball up. Have your QB throw two or three to get warmed up.

After throwing three or four of those from that position, have your quarterback turn to the side, perpendicular to the target.

Even when your quarterback is just warming up, he needs to pick a target out. During a football game, he won’t ever have an opportunity to waste a throw. He has to be accurate. He has to hit a target. So even when he’s warming up or during football practice, he should pick a target out, pick a shoulder, pick a nose, pick two ears–and hit him.

So you should have your QB throw three or four from that position, then he should turn and face the other way. It’s critical to get that extension that’s so important. A good drill here is to tell the QB to really get his body into the throw and work on that extension.

As he gets loose, go ahead and have him back up five, ten yards. Then repeat the same drills.

Now have your player stand like he would in the pocket. And now the emphasis is going to be a nice short stride. Too often young quarterbacks will think that they need to really stride to get the power into the ball like they do on a pitching mounds.

That’s not the way they want to do it when they’re quarterbacking. They want a nice short stride. Have them work on a drill where they’ll stand 6″ behind the line. Have them take a nice short 6″ step, keep that ball up, be compact, and deliver.

football practice

3-Step Drop

Using Drops

Since your quarterback has now gotten loose doing fundamental drills of just standing in place and throwing, the next natural progression is to start using drops–the 3-step, the 5-step, and the 7-step drop.

First, have your quarterback throw a 3-step drop to his left. The point of emphasis is on having good balance.

He’s going to step and throw and hit his targets. He should throw to the left, then to the center.

football practice

5-Step Drop

Next, have your QB take a 5-step drop. He should simply work through the natural progression of his routes, all the while maintaining good balance, power, and velocity.

Through all these things, every single throw, you want to evaluate your QB–and have him evaluate himself. Is he keeping my balance? Is he compact? Are his fundamentals square? Remind him to never be in a rush. He wants to play quickly, but never in a rush.

Have your QB run through the 3-step, 5-step, and 7-step, throwing to his left, to his center, and to his right. Throughout every throw, he should focus on improving.

Do you think your quarterback would benefit from running through these drills during your next football practice? If you enjoyed this post, be sure to share it with your fellow coaches and players.

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